Throughout history rice has been one of man's most important
foods. Today, this unique grain helps sustain two- thirds of the world's population.
Archeological evidence suggests that rice has been feeding mankind for more than
5,000 years. Today, agriculture is the backbone of India's economy, providing direct
employment to about 70% of working people in the country.
Rice is the agriculture is the backbone of India's economy, providing direct
employment to about 70% of working people in the country. It forms the basis
of many premier industries of India, including the textile, jute, and sugar
industries. Agriculture contributes about 31% to GDP; about 25% of India's
exports are agricultural products. The major rice growing area in India are
West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh,
Assam, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Maharashtra, Kannataka, Haryana, Gujarat, Kerala,
Jammu- Kashmir, Tripura, Meghalaya, Manipur, Rajasthan, Nagaland, Arunanchal
Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Mirozam, Goa, Pondicherry, Sikkim, Andman & Nicobar Island
and D & N Haveli.
Through a combination of increasing the area under cultivation
and increasing cropping intensity today India is self sufficient in rice. Adoption
of modern varieties (MVs) rice production exceeded 100 million t annually since 1988.
India regularly exports high quality basmati rice (aromatic).